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不同平台下的运行时路径查询:help runtimepath


Ubuntu里面的vim包没有X11的支持,所以不支持X11 Selection,也不支持clipboard选项:

$ /usr/bin/vim.basic --version|grep ' .x'
-X11 -xfontset -xim -xsmp -xterm_clipboard -xterm_save
      用户 exrc 文件: "$HOME/.exrc"


$ /usr/bin/vim.gnome --version|grep ' .x'
+X11 -xfontset +xim +xsmp_interact +xterm_clipboard -xterm_save
      用户 exrc 文件: "$HOME/.exrc"

这样在X下的vim虽然也是字符界面的,但是支持X11的选择了。具体用法见help x11-selection(7.2版):

Examples: (assuming the default option values)
- Select an URL in Visual mode in Vim.  Go to your browser and click the
  middle mouse button in the URL text field.  The selected text will be
  inserted (hopefully!).  Note: in Firefox you can set the
  middlemouse.contentLoadURL preference to true in about:config, then the
  selected URL will be used when pressing middle mouse button in most places
  in the window.
- Select some text in your browser by dragging with the mouse.  Go to Vim and
  press the middle mouse button: The selected text is inserted.
- Select some text in Vim and do "+y.  Go to your browser, select some text in
  a textfield by dragging with the mouse.  Now use the right mouse button and
  select "Paste" from the popup menu.  The selected text is overwritten by the
  text from Vim.



  • Alt i    向左移动光标
  • Alt I    移动光标至行首
  • Alt s    退格
  • Alt S    从光标删除至行首
  • Alt o    光标所在行后插入新行
  • Alt O    光标所在行前插入新行